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  Ficus benjamina L.
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Synonyms : Ficus waringiana, Ficus schlechteri

  Common Names : Weeping Fig, Benjamin's Fig, Malayan Banyan, Java Fig, Tropical Laurel, Weeping Laurel, Waringin, Ara Waringin, Jejawi, Java Willow, Java Tree, Beringin, Benjamin Tree, Small-Leaved Fig, Small-Leaved Rubber Plant

  Chinese Name : 垂叶榕, 小叶榕

Weeping Fig,Benjamin's Fig,Malayan Banyan,Java Fig,Tropical Laurel,Weeping Laurel,Waringin,Ara Waringin,Jejawi,Java Willow,Java Tree,Beringin,Benjamin Tree,Small-Leaved Fig,Small-Leaved Rubber Plant
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m)), Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      20 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      18 m to 21 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Indian subcontinent, Southern China, Taiwan, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland), Southwestern Pacific (Solomon Islands)
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Monsoon Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Trunk: The trunk is somewhat pale and smooth and can grow to 3m in girth on mature, outdoor trees.
      Foliage: Leaves are ovate, with an aristate apex, and with slightly undulate margins. The abaxial surface is glossy and lighter green, while the adaxial surface is duller. They are about 4.5 to 6cm long, and about 3.5cm wide. They droop from the branches, hence the common name Weeping Fig. As will other Ficus species, the foliage and branches exude a white, latex-like sap when wounded.
      Fruits: The figs of this species are small (about 3cm in diameter), globular, red or reddish orange in colour and are typically borne in pairs on the leaf axils.
      [Others]: A common indoor tree, as well as along some roads and in older gardens and private compounds. Indoors, it is a slender-trunked treelet with weeping branches.Outdoors, it can become a large strangling fig tree with weeping branches and foliage and multiple trunks when mature. Propagation:Propagation by marcotting or by stem cuttings.
      Cultivation :
      Prefers full sun to partial shade, and moderate watering. For outdoor plants, little special care is needed. For indoor plants, care should be taken not to ovewater or leaf drop and possibly root rot will occur. Situate in as bright a position as possible but away from direct sunlight. Light levels, watering and humidity should be kept as constant as possible to avoid leaf drop.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: The figs are not considered edible but are non-toxic, and attractive to birds. They can be grown in reptile vivariums for landscaping and shelter as well as for food.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Hedge / Screening, Topiary, Shade Providing Tree / Palm, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Bonsai
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Associated with: Fruits eaten by birds.)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Diseases :
      May be infected by scales, but is resistant to leaf thrips which deform new leaves on some other fig species.
      Pest(s) :
      Associated with
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Air-Layering
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Drought / Semi-Deciduous
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Leathery
      Foliar Modification :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire, Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Grey to Greyish-white
      Mature Bark Texture :
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root), Aboveground (Aerial Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Monoecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Inflorescence Type :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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