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  Ficus variegata Blume
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Synonyms : Ficus polysyce

  Common Names : Common Red-stem Fig, Variegated fig, Variegated rubber plant, Ara kelumpang

  Chinese Name : 青果榕, 杂色榕

Common Red-stem Fig,Variegated fig,Variegated rubber plant,Ara kelumpang
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Andaman Islands, Myanmar, south China, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, Indochina, Thailand, Malesia (including Singapore), Solomon Islands, and Australia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a medium-sized tree up to 40 m tall, with a conical crown. It has conspicuous and spreading buttresses developing from its trunk. The plant is easy to identify when it bears syconia (figs).
      Crown: Conical
      Roots: Spreading buttresses
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, long-stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are egg-shaped to oval to oblong with pointed tips, and 6–35 by 2–15 cm. Its young leaves have larger, toothed leaf blades.
      Flowers: The plant is dioecious with each plant bearing male or female flowers. The flowers are tiny and develop within the syconium (fig).
      Fruits: Its long-stalked syconia (figs) are pear-shaped, green with rose-red streaks when ripe, up to 5 cm wide, and develop in dense clusters on short twigs, up to 7.6 cm long, arising from the trunk and main branches. It has been observed that only trees that are taller than 5–7.6 m bear figs.
      Habitat :
      It grows in villages, along the edges or in open areas in lowland forests up to 1,200 m altitude. It occurs locally in Fort Canning Park and Pulau Ubin.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by the fig wasp (Ceratosolen appendiculatus), and its ripe syconia are eaten by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Ficus, the commercial edible fig (Ficus carica); Latin variegata, irregularly coloured, referring to the ripening figs that are green with rose-red streaks
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The fruits can be dried, preserved, and consumed with rice. The young shoot-tips are also edible.)
      Medicinal (Its sweet bark or fruits can be chewed or drunk as a decoction to treat dysentery. The latex from the bark can be applied as a poultice on wounds, and was previously used in the batik industry.)
      [Others]: The fibrous bark was previously used to make felt, that is in turn used to make loincloth.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      The tree is attractive when it bears figs, as its trunk and branches will be densely covered with its green or rose-red figs.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Vertebrates (Other Mammal))
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Multiple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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