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  Garcinia atroviridis Griff. ex T.Anderson
  Family Name : Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)

  Common Names : Asam Gelugor, Gelugor

 
Asam Gelugor,Gelugor
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Columnar
      Maximum Height :
      27 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, and Singapore
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 27 m tall. 
      Foliage: Its opposite, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oblong, dark glossy green above, and 12.5–30 by 3–7.5 cm, with fine dark wavy lines on the underside.
      Flowers: Its large, faintly fragrant to scentless flowers are 3–4.5 cm wide, with crimson petals. 
      Fruits: Its large fruits are nearly round, orange-yellow when ripe, and 6.5–10 cm wide. Its seeds are strongly flattened.
      Habitat :
      It grows in hill and lowland forest up to 600 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by insects. Its fruits are eaten by small mammals.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Garcinia, commemoratingafter Laurent Garcin (16831751), a French botanist who travelled widely in India; Latin atroviridis, very dark green, referring to the colour of the leaves.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The fresh fruits or dried fruit slices are used as a seasoning or sour relish (asam gelugor) in cooking, including curries. The young leaves are eaten.)
      Medicinal (The juice from the leaves is used by a woman after childbirth. A decoction of the leaves and roots is used for ear-aches. When mixed with vinegar, the fruit is used in a lotion for a woman after confinement.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      The plant has a sparse broken conical canopy, and new leaves that flush red. It is a tree suitable for gardens, parks and roadsides.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny, Leathery, Thick
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Red
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual & Bisexual Flowers(Sub-dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Red
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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