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  Garcinia xanthochymus Hook. f. ex T. Anders.
  Family Name : Clusiaceae (Guttiferae)

  Common Names : Egg Tree, Gamboge Tree, Sour Mangosteen, Himalayan Garcinia, False Mangosteen, Camboge, Mundu

 
Egg Tree,Gamboge Tree,Sour Mangosteen,Himalayan Garcinia,False Mangosteen,Camboge,Mundu
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Pyramidal
      Maximum Height :
      15 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree, up to 15 m tall, with parts exuding white latex when damaged.
      Crown: Its dense crown is pyramidal in shape.
      Trunk: Its trunk is short and straight, with grey-brown bark.
      Foliage: Its oppositely-arranged, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are narrowly oblong, 12-24 cm long and 4-7 cm wide, dark green and shiny on the top surface.
      Flowers: Its male and female flowers are borne on separate plants, or sometimes bisexual flowers are produced. The stalked white flowers are borne in clusters of 4-10, about 1 cm wide.
      Fruits: Its fleshy fruits are subglobose berries with a pointed tip that ends with a persistent stigma, up to 9 cm wide, ripening pale orange to dark yellow.
      Habitat :
      In the eastern Himalayas, this species occurs in hill forests.
      Associated Fauna :
      It fruits are probably eaten and dispersed by small mammals.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated from seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Garcinia, after Dr Laurent Garcin (1683-1751), a French naturalist with the East India Company; Greek xantho, yellow, chymus, exudate or sap.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The fruits are used to make vinegar, preserves and jams.)
      Medicinal (The dried fruits are used in treating vomiting.)
      [Others]: The latex is used for dyeing.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for streetscapes, parks and gardens for its dense pyramidal crown.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      [Remarks] (Slow)
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny, Leathery
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual & Bisexual Flowers(Sub-dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Yellow / Golden
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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