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  Kopsia fruticosa (Roxb.) A.DC.
  Family Name : Apocynaceae

  Synonyms : Cerbera fruticosa, Kopsia vincaeflora, Acokanthera roxburghii, Kopsia roxburghii

  Common Names : Pink Kopsia, Shrub Vinca, Kopsia Merah, Pink Gardenia, Chabai Hutan

  Chinese Name : 红花蕊木

Pink Kopsia,Shrub Vinca,Kopsia Merah,Pink Gardenia,Chabai Hutan
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      1 m to 4 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Growth Form: Usually an evergreen woody shrub with a spreading growth habit, but occasionally a small tree. Stem: Young stems are covered in tiny, soft hairs (puberulent). Mature stem has greyish bark and indistinct angles. Foliage: Opposite leaves are narrowly elliptic or oblong with wavy leaf margin and distinct drip tip (10 - 23 cm long, 2.5 - 9 cm wide). Glossy, leathery leaves have slightly sunken veins that create a quilt-like texture. Flowers: Salverform, 5-lobed flowers are pink with a dark red throat (3 - 5 cm long, 1.5 - 2.5 cm wide). The pink petals fade to white over time. Flowers are arranged in small clusters near the stem tips. Fruits: Fleshy, pitted, 1-seeded fruits are known as drupes (2.5 cm long, 2 cm wide). They are dull red, ellipsoid and covered in soft hairs. Landscaping: This species is planted as an ornamental shrub, because it produces lovely pink flowers throughout the year. It is usually planted in small groups and can be used as a hedge or barrier. In addition, this plant grows well in containers and would be suitable for a sunny patio. Cultivation: This species grows slowly at about 10 cm a year. Specimens should be planted 0.5 - 0.6 m apart in fertile, well-draining soil that is slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.5 - 7.5). This species is highly adaptable, tolerating both drought and waterlogged soils. It will flower best under full sun, but it also grows well under partial shade. Avoid pruning frequently, because it inhibits both flowering and overall growth. Propagation: Propagate by seed, stem cuttings, marcotting and air layering. Etymology: The species epithet "fruticosa" is derived from the Latin word for bushy ("fruticosus"), referring to the species' growth habit.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site), Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Hedge / Screening, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Butterfly Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Planting Distance :
      0.5 m to 0.6 m
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Marcotting, Air-Layering
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Leathery, Raised / Sunken Veins
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 ), Macrophyll ( 182.25cm2 - 1640.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink, Red, White
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (3 - 5 cm long, 1.5 - 2.5 cm wide)
      Inflorescence Size :
      Remarks (Pink --> White)
      Flowering Period :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)

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