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Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana
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  Litsea firma (Blume) Hook. f.
  Family Name : Lauraceae

  Common Names : Blue Laurel, Medang

 
Blue Laurel,Medang
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, and Sulawesi
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 42 m tall, with small buttresses, and flaky, warm-brown bark.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are variable in shape, upward pointing, often galled, purplish-pink when young, and 5.1–18 by 2.5–6.4 cm. The blunt or pointed leaf blades have a somewhat waxy layer on their undersides.
      Flowers: Its yellow flowers develop in flower-heads that are up to 1.3 cm wide and are usually found on the twigs behind the leaves.
      Fruits: Its egg-shaped-oblong fruits are 1–1.5 by 1 cm and seated on a cup-calyx.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland and secondary forests. 
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Litsea, from the Mandarin characters li; plum, and tse, little, referring to the plant’s Chinese name; Latin firma, strong
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks and streetscapes.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Red
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)

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