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  Maranthes corymbosa Blume
  Family Name : Chrysobalanaceae

  Synonyms : Parinarium corymbosum, Atuna corymbosa, Parinarium griffithianum

  Common Names : Merbatu, Sea Beam, Kayu Batu, Kayu Kambang, Kembang Batu, Merbatu Layang, Sau Hutan

Merbatu,Sea Beam,Kayu Batu,Kayu Kambang,Kembang Batu,Merbatu Layang,Sau Hutan
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      40 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, the Philippines, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, the Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia and the Solomon Islands.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 40 m tall.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked, leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oblong-lance-shaped or oblong-oval, and 6.5-14 by 2.5-8 cm. Its leaves have 2 prominent glands at the junction of the leaf stalk and the lower leaf surface.
      Flowers: Its flowers are about 10 mm wide and grow on branched flowering shoots. Its white petals have a tinge of pink and 3-6 mm long.
      Fruits: Fruit is ellipsoid and 3-4 by 1.5-2 cm.
      Habitat :
      It grows in coastal areas, primary and secondary forests, up to 1500 m altitude. It occurs locally in Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek maraino, to wither, referring to the long-persistent withered calyx and stamens found below the fruit; Greek corymbos, a cluster, referring to the clustered flowering shoots
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Timber & Products (Its timber is used for the construction of houses and as posts.), Cultural / Religious (

      Heritage Tree :                                                                                                                           
      There are currently two individuals of Maranthes corymbosa listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. Both can be found at Fort Canning Park. To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for planting along streetscapes and in parks and gardens for its bushy crown.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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