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  Moringa oleifera Lamk
  Family Name : Moringaceae

  Synonyms : Moringa pterygosperma

  Common Names : Horse-radish Tree, Kelur, Merunggai, Drumstick Tree

  Chinese Name : 辣木

 
Horse-radish Tree,Kelur,Merunggai,Drumstick Tree
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Umbrella, Weeping / Pendulous, Open
      Maximum Height :
      10 m
      Tree / Palm - Trunk Diameter :
      0.3 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Foliage: Young shoots are purplish or greenish white. Leaves are green and 2 to 3 pinnate, with up to 6 pairs of pinnae. Leaflets are obovate in shape.
      Flowers: Flowers are borne on an erect or spreading panicle comprising of numerous white, fragrant flowers.
      Fruits: Fruit is a three-angled, long and slender capsule. Green when young, the fruits turn brown when mature.
      [Others]: A fast-growing, much-branched and crooked tree with a corky bark. Although deciduous, tree seldom shed all its leaves. Possesses tuberous roots. When injured, the plant exudes a milky sap.
      Cultivation :
      Prefers to be grown under full sun, in well-drained and fertile soil. Plant is drought-tolerant and takes pruning very well which is necessary to promote regrowth and keep its shape in check. Propagated via seeds and stem-cuttings. Can be planted as a hedge for the provision of wind protection, shade and support for climbing garden plants.
      Etymology :
      The genus Moringa is from a Malabar vernacular name, moringo, for the horse-radish tree.
      The specific epithet oleifera means oil-bearing
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves; Edible Flowers; Edible Seeds)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Immature green pods, called “drumsticks” are edible and often used in curries. They are eaten by sucking out their internal contents and the tough valves are discarded. Seeds inside mature pods can be eaten like peas or roasted like nuts. Flowers are also edible when cooked. Roots are shredded and used as a condiment like horseradish. The highly nutritious leaves are cooked and used like spinach and can also be dried and crushed into a powder that is used in soups and sauces. ; Herb & Spice)
      Medicinal (Leaves and root bark have numerous folk medicinal uses. )
      [Others]: Mature seeds contain about 25% oil that does not turn rancid. Used for cooking, lubrication and perfumery purposes. Seed are also pounded and used to purify dirty or cloudy drinking water.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Low
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Deciduous
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Bipinnate)
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Obovate)
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Rounded
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      2.5 (Tree - Open Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
      Inflorescence Type :
      Panicle
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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