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  Pittosporum ferrugineum W.T.Aiton
  Family Name : Pittosporaceae

  Common Names : Belalang Puak, Splay-Berry Tree, Giramong

Belalang Puak,Splay-Berry Tree,Giramong
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      22 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southeast Asia (including Singapore), to Australia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Riverine), Shoreline (Backshore; Sandy Beach; Rocky Beach)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 22 m tall.
      Foliage: Its alternate, shortly-stalked leaves have leaf blades that are usually elliptic, covered with short brown hairs on both surfaces, and 5–15 by 1.5–5 cm.
      Flowers: Its tiny, pale yellow flowers are found in 4 cm-wide, many flowered clusters.
      Fruits: Its fruits ripen orange and are 5–10 by 9–12 mm. They also split into two halves when ripe to expose 8–24 bright red seeds in sticky pulp. Its seeds are 3–4 mm long.
      Habitat :
      It grows along rivers, rocky and sandy seashores. It also grows in dry vegetation, limestone areas, open savanna, and undergrowth of primary and secondary forests from the lowlands up to 2,000 m altitude.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek pitta, tar, sporos, seed, referring to the resinous coating around the seed. Latin ferrugineum, rusty-brown in colour, referring to the short, rusty-brown hairs that cover the leaves.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Timber & Products (The resin-containing wood is used as firewood.)
      [Others]: The fruits and leaves are used as a fish poison.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for streetscapes, parks and gardens.
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Riverine
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits), Butterfly Food Plant (Flower Nectar)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Butterfly, Moth))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      3.0 (Tree - Intermediate Canopy)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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