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  Spondias cytherea
  Family Name : Anacardiaceae

  Synonyms : Spondias dulcis

  Common Names : Kedondong, Great Hog Plum, Golden Apple, Otaheite Apple, Yellow Plum, Jew Plum, Ambarella

 
Kedondong,Great Hog Plum,Golden Apple,Otaheite Apple,Yellow Plum,Jew Plum,Ambarella
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Weeping / Pendulous, Irregular, Open
      Maximum Height :
      9 m to 12 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Indochina, Malesia, Polynesia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Small fruit tree, 9m-12m in ground under cultivation. Up to 2m when grown in container. Prefers well-drained soil.Flowers white, small, inconspicuous, borne in large panicles. Free-flowering. Fruits edible, ripen from green to golden yellow. Pulp is crisp, sour-sweet, with pineapple-like fragrance. Rich in Vitamin C. Flat seeds contained in fibrous core. Fruits used in local Malay dish rojak.Propagate by seeds or hardwood stem cuttings. Plants grown from seeds may start fruiting within 4 years.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves)
      [Others]: Ripe fruits eaten raw or cooked, made into juice. Unripe fruits made into jellies, pickles or used to flavour soups and stews. Acidic young leaves eaten raw, steamed or cooked with meat.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Fragrant (Fruits; Roots)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Diseases :
      Leaves may be attacked by larvae of Kedongdong Spring-Beetle, Podontia affinis.
      Pest(s) :
      Associated with
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Grafting, Air-Layering, [Remarks] (Use large hardwood cuttings. May be grafted onto rootstock of same species or Spondias pinnata.)
      Propagule Establishment Remarks :
      Seeds germinate within 4 weeks of being sowed.
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Raised / Sunken Veins
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Notophyll ( 20.25cm2 - 45 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      2.5 (Tree - Open Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Light grey-brown
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (Small, inconspicuous)
      Inflorescence Type :
      Panicle
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Time-Independent
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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