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  Synsepalum dulcificum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Daniell
  Family Name : Sapotaceae

  Common Names : Miracle Fruit, Miracle Berry, Miraculous Berry, Flavour Berry, Fruit Miraculeux, Fruit Milagroso

  Chinese Name : 神秘果

 
Miracle Fruit,Miracle Berry,Miraculous Berry,Flavour Berry,Fruit Miraculeux,Fruit Milagroso
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
      True
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m); Small (6m-15m)), Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Oval
      Maximum Height :
      1 m to 3 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      West Africa
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Slow-growing big shrub or small bushy tree with oval crown, up to 6m height in native habitat, but usually much lower under cultivation. Flowers creamy-white, very small, held in clusters in leaf axils. Free-fruitng the whole year round. Fruits ripen from green to scarlet red, oval-shaped (9mm long), with a single seed embedded in edible, sweetish white pulp. Fruits contain miraculin, a taste-modifying, protein-based molecule that when eaten, makes sour or bitter food taste sweet, hence the species epithet 'dulcificum' -- meaning 'very sweet'.Grown for ornamental or economic purposes. Prefers well-drained acidic soils (pH 4.5 - 5.8). Seed-grown plants start bearing fruit at 2-3 years of age. Suitable as container plant for small gardens.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable; Herb & Spice)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits), Medicinal
      [Others]: In Africa where modern refrigeration is not available, fruits are tradtionally chewed before meals to make stale food taste better.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Alkaline (high pH) Soils, [Remarks] (Prefers acidic soils of pH 4.8 - 5.5.)
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Slow
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Potential Problems :
      Plant does not tolerate alkaline and waterlogged soils.
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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