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Adenia macrophylla var. singaporiana
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  Orania sylvicola (Griff.) H.E. Moore
  Family Name : Arecaceae (Palmae)

  Common Names : Ibul

 
Ibul
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Palm (Solitary Palm)
      Maximum Height :
      20 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :

      Southern Thailand to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and Sumatra

      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It is a single-trunked, canopy to emergent palm, up to 20 m tall, with a trunk girth of up to 45 cm. The trunk is grey with rings and knobs. Its medium- to large-sized pinnate leaves spread spirally, rising or drooping from the tip of the trunk.


      Foliage:

      Its spirally arranged, stalked, medium- to large-sized leaves are pinnate, with 60–75 leaflets arranged regularly on each side of the rachis, and 3.6 by 1.5 m. The leaflets are narrowly drop-shaped, with jagged tips, green above, greyish below, and 75–100 by 5–8 cm.


      Flowers:

      Its small flowers are borne on a 3–5-branched, spreading inflorescence, 75–90 cm long. The inflorescences are usually borne amongst the leaves. The male flowers are oblong, while the female flowers are roundish.


      Fruits:

      Its greenish yellow to yellow fruits are round and 3.5–4 cm.

      Habitat :

      It grows in wet lowland forests, often in wet areas. It occurs locally in the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and in the vicinity of MacRitchie Reservoir.

      Etymology :

      Orania, commemorating  F.G.L. Willem van Nassau, the Prince of Orange (Oranje) and the Crown Prince of the Netherlands (1792–1849); Latin sylvicola, growing in forests, referring to the habitat this species thrives in.

      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :

      This plant is suitable for planting in moist, partially-shaded or open areas for its attractive, pinnate foliage.

      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Palm Fronds (Pinnate / Feather)
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green, Yellow / Golden
  • References
    • Dransfield, J., Uhi, N.W., Asmussen, C.B., Baker, W.J., Harley, M.M. & Lewis, C.E. . 2008. Genera Palmarum. The Evolution and Classification of Palms. . United Kingdom: Kew Publishing. 732

   Last updated on:

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