centerlogotitle
|
|
 
 
Keyword Search Tips |  Advanced Search
Display Options
Show
Results per Page
Sort By
What's New
Popular View
Plant & Animal Corner
  • Malayan Horned Frog
  • Gardenia cf. nitida
  • Eight-Spotted Crab Spider
  • Aechmea tayoensis
Please Choose a Category:
Popular Keywords
IxoraBougainvilleaHeliconiaficusplumeriaphilodendrondracaenaAglaonema hibiscusCalathea
round_tl round_tr
frame Visitors Counter
frame 717529
round_bl round_br
 
  Dracontomelon dao (Blanco) Merr. & Rolfe
  Family Name : Anacardiaceae

  Synonyms : Dracontomelon laxum, Dracontomelon sylvestre, Dracontomelon edule, Dracontomelon puberulum, Dracontomelon lamiyo, Dracontomelon brachyphyllum, Dracontomelon mangiferum, Anacardium cumingiana, Anacardium edulis

  Common Names : Argus Pheasant Tree, New Guinea Walnut, Pacific Walnut, Papuan Walnut, Asam Kuang, Sengkuang, Sekuan, Kueh

 
Argus Pheasant Tree,New Guinea Walnut,Pacific Walnut,Papuan Walnut,Asam Kuang,Sengkuang,Sekuan,Kueh
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Rounded
      Maximum Height :
      36 m
      Tree / Palm - Trunk Diameter :
      1 m to 0.7 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      India, South China, Indochina, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Monsoon Forest; Riverine)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Large evergreen canopy tree, up to 36m height, with dense rounded crown.
      Trunk: Bole straight and cylindrical, unbranched to 15m height, with root buttress at base. Outer bark greyish-brown, inner bark pink. Wounded bark exudes slightly sticky colourless resin that turns pale golden upon exposure to air.
      Foliage: Leaves compound-pinnate, spirally-arranged around branchlet. Leaflets prominently veined, alternate on rachis 0.30-0.45m long.
      Flowers: White, small (9mm across), 5-lobed, fragrant, produced in large pendulous panicles up to 0.6m long.
      Fruits: Slightly fleshy drupes, globose, 2.5 - 4.0cm across, produced in clusters, ripening from green to yellow.
      Habitat :
      Moist primary rainforests, especially along riverbanks and in swampy sites, occasionally flooded for short periods.
      Cultivation :
      Tolerant of waterlogged soils and temporary flooding.
      Etymology :
      Genus epithet 'Dracontomelon' derived from Greek terms for dragon (draco) and melon, a reference to the fruits. Species epithet 'dao' derived from vernacular name for this tree in Philippines.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves; Edible Flowers; Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable; Herb & Spice )
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves; Edible Flowers; Edible Fruits), Medicinal, Timber & Products
      [Others]: Culinary: Fruits edible, not popularly eaten in SE Asia, but relished and stewed in honey in China. Seed kernels mixed into tea to provide fragrant and mucilaginous sweet taste. Medicinal: Leaves found to possess antiseptic properties against broad spectrum of bacteria. Fruits reportedly have cooling properties, used to treat sore throat, skin inflammation, itch, internal ulcers, as well as an antidote for poisoning. Bark boiled to make decoction drunk by women to expel fetal membrane from womb. Traditional beliefs suggest that holding a seed in right hand on odd days and in left hand on even days will accelerate childbirth. Culture: Seed used as toys by children. Timber: Wood is soft, light weight and not very durable. Typically used for making furniture, veneer, panelling, flooring, matches and boxes.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Trunk, Fragrant (Flowers: Day)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site)
      Landscape Uses :
      General
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Water Garden, Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Raised / Sunken Veins
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Spiral
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.0 (Tree - Dense Canopy)
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody
      Bark Colour(s) :
      Pinkish-Brown & Cream
      Mature Bark Texture :
      Scaly
      Stem Type & Modification :
      Woody
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root; Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Inflorescence Type :
      Panicle
      Ovary Position :
      Superior / Hypogynous
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Yellow / Golden
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

   Last updated on:

  Download Image  Print Page




Public Comment     





Total page hits: 925
 
© 2013 National Parks Board, Singapore. Supported client browser: IE6+, Firefox 1.05+, Chrome 12+, Opera 7.52+, Netscape 7.1+