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  Ardisia crenata Sims
  Family Name : Primulaceae

  Synonyms : Ardisia crenulata

  Common Names : Coral Berry, Coral Bush, Coral Ardisia, Spiceberry, Hen's Eyes, Mata Itik, Mata Ayam

  Chinese Name : 朱砂根, 大罗伞

Coral Berry,Coral Bush,Coral Ardisia,Spiceberry,Hen's Eyes,Mata Itik,Mata Ayam
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m)), Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      1.5 m to 3 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From India to Indochina to Japan, and western Malesia to the Philippines (including Singapore)
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is usually a shrub or treelet up to 3.0 m tall.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have thinly leathery leaf blades that are oval or narrowly lance-shaped, or narrowly drop-shaped, 5–60 by 1.9–4 cm, and the margins are crenate, with distinctly scalloped edges.
      Flowers: Its flowering clusters are stalkless or stalked, and found at the ends of the twigs. Its stalked flowers are white or rarely pinkish, and about 8.5 mm wide, with pointed anthers.
      Fruits: Its round fruits are shiny, bright-red, and 5–8 mm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows in open country, secondary forests, villages, and along seashores, up to 200 m altitude. It occurs locally in Pulau Ubin and Pulau Tekong.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. The fruits are probably eaten by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed, stem cuttings and leaf cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Greek ardis, a point, referring to the pointed anthers of the plant; Latin crenata, cut in rounded scallops, referring to the shape of the margins of the leaf blades 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The reportedly sweet and small fruits are edible. The leaves are also taken as vegetable in salads.  Young shoots eaten as ulam with sambal belachan.)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves), Medicinal (The crushed plants or their extracted juices are used to treat ear-ache and skin diseases. A decoction drunk for broken bones and sprains are also made using the plant. Juices from the roots are used to treat coughs, fever, and diarrhoea, while a decoction is taken as post-labour tonic.)
      [Others]: This shrub or treelet is cultivated in pots as an auspicious plant for sale during the Lunar New Year. Its shiny, bright-red fruits signify vigour and vitality, and prosperity: qualities that the Chinese value.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      This shrub or treelet may be able to tolerate the conditions of roadsides. It is cultivated in gardens and parks for its attractive, shiny, bright-red fruits.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Hedge / Screening, Flowerbed / Border, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Bonsai
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden, Economic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting (Semi-Hardwood), Leaf Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny, Leathery, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Root Type :
      Underground (Fibrous Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Stellate / Star-shaped
      Inflorescence Type :
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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