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  Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn.
  Family Name : Phyllanthaceae

  Synonyms : Antidesma ghaesembilla var. genuinum, Antidesma ghaesembilla var. paniculatum, Antidesma ghaesembilla var. vestitum, Antidesma paniculatum, Antidesma pubescens, Antidesma vestitum

  Common Names : Andarupis, Anjarubi, Anjuripes, Borotindik, Dempul, Guchek, Gunchin, Gunipot, Indarupis, Jantik-jantik, Kakapal, Lonang, Ondurupis, Sunsuron, Tandurupis, Tarat, Tendrupis

  Chinese Name : 方叶五月茶

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      20 m
      Tree / Palm - Trunk Diameter :
      22 cm
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From India, Nicobar Islands, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, to China and Nepal, south throughout Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam) and east to Papua New Guinea and northern Australia.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Secondary Rainforest; Monsoon Forest; Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree, up to 20 m tall, with pubescent young twigs.
      Foliage: Its stalked, alternately arranged leaves are papery to thinly leathery, covered with fine hairs, oblong in shape (sometimes ovate or drop shaped), 3-7 cm long by 3-5 cm wide. The leaf base is rounded to heart-shaped while the leaf tip is usually rounded.
      Flowers: Its tiny yellow-green to yellow-red flowers are borne on branched axillary or terminal inflorescences axillary and terminal. The plant is dioecious, bearing female and male flowers on different trees. The male inflorescenes are longer, about 4-8 cm long, while the female inflorescenes are shorter, about 2-3 cm long but become longer when developing fruits. The male flowers are stalkless while the female flowers are stalked.
      Fruits: Its small fruits are fleshy ellipsoid drupes that are somewhat flattened, 3-4 mm long by 2.5-3 mm wide, ripening red.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland deciduous or evergreen forests, often also in open, disturbed areas and grassland.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insected pollinated. The fruits are eaten by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek anti, against; Greek desmos, band; Latin ghaesembilla, after the local name of the plant species in Sri Lanka.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Medicinal (The leaves are eaten to treat headaches, while the stems are used to facilitate menstrual flow. The fruits are used as laxatives.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for planting in parks and gardens for its attractive fruits and medicinal value.
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Papery, Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Obovate; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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