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  Citrus hystrix
  Family Name : Rutaceae

  Common Names : Kaffir lime, Limau purut

  Chinese Name : 箭叶橙

Kaffir lime,Limau purut
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Shrubby (1m-5m); Small (6m-15m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      3 m to 6 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southern China, Tropical Asia
      Native Habitat :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Small tree with a spreading or sprawling growth habit.
      Foliage: Dark green, smooth glossy leaves are oblong, but pinched in the middle so that 1 leaf looks like 2 ovate leaves fused together.  
      Fruits: The fruit is round to egg-shaped and often has a distinct nipple-like structure near the apex. It is light to dark green with a very wrinkled and bumpy texture, eventually turning yellow before dropping from the tree. The flesh contains little juice which is sour and slightly bitter.
      Associated Fauna :
      It is the food plant for caterpillars of the moths Attacus atlas (Atlas Moth)
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves)
      Food (Herb & Spice: The leaves add a lemon flavour to various types of dishes, such as Tom Yum soup. The rind can be added to curry, such as green curry paste. )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Container Planting
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Stem/Branch, Spines/Thorns - Trunk
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar (Moth) Food Plant (Leaves; Associated with: Attacus atlas (Atlas Moth))
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Flowering Period :
      Flowering Opening Time :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green, Yellow / Golden
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Waxy, Bumpy / Tuberculate
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Hesperidium)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Several (11-20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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