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  Castanopsis megacarpa Gamble
  Family Name : Fagaceae

  Common Names : Greater Malayan Chestnut, Berangan Betul, Berangan Makan, Berangan Padi, Parang Berangan

 
Greater Malayan Chestnut,Berangan Betul,Berangan Makan,Berangan Padi,Parang Berangan
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      36 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore to Borneo
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It is a tree up to about 36 m tall.

       

       

       

       

       

       


      Trunk: It has fissured bark and may have buttress roots.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, stalked leaves have thickly leathery leaf blades that are oval, about 10–25 by 3–10 cm, hairless and glossy above, and densely covered with hair below.
      Flowers:

      Its male flowering shoots are 10–20 cm long, whereas the female flowering shoots are 10–15 cm long. Its male flowers grow in clusters of 3, while the female flowers are solitary.

       

       

       


       

       


      Fruits: A cupule encloses the fruit (nut) completely. Its ovoid-globose cupules are 8–10 by 6–7 cm and have branched spines.Its egg-shaped fruits are solitary, and 6–8 by 3–5 cm.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland forests up to about 600 m altitude. It occurs locally in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve.
      Associated Fauna :
      It has insect-pollinated flowers.
      Cultivation :
      It may be suitable for parks. It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Castanopsis, resembling chestnut, referring to the relationship between this genus and Castanea (chestnuts); Latin megacarpa, large-fruited, referring to its large fruits
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The nuts are edible, but may induce flatulence.)
      Timber & Products (Its bark contains tannin.)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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