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  Chonemorpha fragrans (Moon) Alston
  Family Name : Apocynaceae

  Synonyms : Chonemorpha macrophylla, Chonemorpha penangensis, Chonemorpha elliptica, Chonemorpha grandieriana, Chonemorpha macrantha

  Common Names : Frangipani vine, Akar Gerip Merah, Akar Gerit-Gerit Merah, Akar Gerit Merah

  Chinese Name : 大叶鹿角藤

Frangipani vine,Akar Gerip Merah,Akar Gerit-Gerit Merah,Akar Gerit Merah
  • Record Info
    • Featured in '1001 Garden Plants in Singapore' Book (2ed) :
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      20 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Monsoon Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a latex-containing climber or liana up to 20 m long, its branchlets are sparsely to densely covered with hair, and lenticillate.
      Foliage: Its latex-containing, opposite, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are round, oval or drop-shaped with a rounded or pointed tip and a heart-shaped to narrowed base, 4–38 by 2.8–35 cm, and densely covered with hair.
      Flowers: Its fragrant, tubular flowers are cream or white, 1.8–6.5 by 4.2–13 cm, hairless or hairy, and are arranged in many-flowered, 10–30 cm long clusters at the ends of branches.
      Fruits: Its fruits are spindle-shaped, flattened, hairless or hairy, and 18–40 by 1–2.3 cm.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland forests, scrub habitats and karst limestone. It occurs in Nee Soon Swamp Forest, and in the vicinity of Upper Seletar Reservoir.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It may be suitable for parks. It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek chone, a funnel; Greek morphe, form, referring to the shape of the corolla; Latin fragrans, referring to the fragrant flowers.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Cultural / Religious (The sweet-scented flowers are given to guests at weddings, and Malay women wear the flowers in their hair.)
      [Others]: The white latex can be used as rubber. The plant’s bark is scraped to obtain fibre which is said to be very durable in both fresh and salt water. However, the bark and leaves of this plant are poisonous.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant (Flowers)
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Irritant - Hairs
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Drought / Semi-Deciduous
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute, Leathery
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Foliar Modification :
      Trichome / Hair
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      FlowerTexture(s) :
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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