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  Gomphocarpus fruticosus (L.) W.T. Aiton
  Family Name : Asclepiadaceae

  Synonyms : Asclepias fruticosa

  Common Names : African Milkweed, Swan Plant

  Chinese Name : 钉头果

 
African Milkweed,Swan Plant
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Africa, Arabia and Mediterranea
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Foliage: Erect, glabrous with revolute margin.
      Stems: Multi-stemmed,covered with short hair when young, light brown, often with watery or milky sap.
      Flowers: Inflorescence a drooping umbel of flower, each flower on a pedicel 1-2cm long, cream-white with green-purple corona; corolla lobes re-flexed.
      Fruits: Green pod turning brown with age, covered with soft spines, tapering to a beak, containing numerous black seeds bearing long silky hairs about 3 cm long.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (A leaf infusion is used to treat diarrhoea and stomach pain. Roots are used to relieve stomach pain and general aches in the body. The floss is sometimes used for stuffing.), Cut / Dried Flower (Foliage and the fruit are used in floral arrangements.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Linear)
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary, Terminal
      Inflorescence Type :
      Umbel
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green - Light Green
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

   Last updated on:

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