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  Ficus fistulosa Reinw. ex Blume
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Common Names : Common Yellow Stem-Fig, Ara Serapat, Kelampung Bukit

  Chinese Name : 黄柄榕, 牛乳树

Common Yellow Stem-Fig,Ara Serapat,Kelampung Bukit
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      18 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Northeast India, Nicobar Islands to south China, Taiwan, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Borneo, and Java to New Guinea
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Mountain; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree reaching up to 18 m tall, containing white latex, with hollow young twigs, and figs borne on its trunk.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, stalked leaves have somewhat leathery leaf blades that are oval to drop-shaped, dark green, 4–34 by 1.5–17 cm, and with lightly toothed or wavy margins
      Flowers: The plant is dioecious with each plant bearing male or female flowers. The flowers are tiny and develop within the syconium (fig).
      Fruits: Its syconia (figs) are found in clusters at the leaf-axils or on trunks and branches, and are somewhat round to pear-shaped, slightly rough on the surface, green with white dots then pale to greenish yellow when mature, and 1–4 cm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowlands to lower montane forests, including secondary forests, forest edges, hedges, open forests, and along streams, up to 2,000 m altitude. It occurs locally from various forest fragments, such as those around MacRitchie Reservoir, off Sime Road, and Old Upper Thomson Road.
      Associated Fauna :
      The fig wasps associated with this plant species are Ceratosolen constrictus, and Ceratosolen hewitti. The clusters of figs along the trunk attract arboreal mammals, including fruit bats.
      Cultivation :
      The plant can be propagated by seed or by stem cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Latin Ficus, the commercial edible fig (Ficus carica); Latin fistulosa, hollow throughout, referring to the hollow twigs of the fig tree
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits; Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Its young leaves and syconia are eaten in salads. A drink can be made from the leaves. )
      Medicinal (A decoction of the roots is given to women after labour or child birth. Its latex is used with other herbs as a poultice to treat headaches.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      This plant has no destructive roots that damage urban ground, and therefore, make an attractive park or roadside tree. Its figs provide food for fruit-eating bats and tree-living mammals such as squirrels.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits, Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site), Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Shade Providing Tree / Palm
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bat Food
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Oval)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate, Serrate / Toothed
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green - Light Green
      Fruit Classification :
      Multiple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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