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  Ficus globosa Blume
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Common Names : Ara akar, Ara paya, Telur bujuk

 
Ara akar,Ara paya,Telur bujuk
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      6 m to 15 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, and Java
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a climber or hemi-epiphytic shrub, and contains white latex.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, long-stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oblong to oval, glossy green with cream midrib and side veins, pointed-tipped, and 5–26 by 2–11 cm.
      Flowers: The plant is monoecious. Its male, female and gall flowers are found within the same syconium (fig). The flowers are tiny and develop within the syconium (fig).
      Fruits: Its syconia (figs) are ellipsoid to somewhat round, greenish with tiny white spots, 1.2–1.5 cm across, covered with fine, dark brown hair, and usually occur in pairs at the leaf axils or on the bare portions of twigs just behind the leaves.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland and hill forests, which include secondary forests, along rivers, in swamps, and mangroves forests, up to 1,200 m altitude. It occurs locally in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by fig-wasps. Its ripe figs attract bats and birds. It is also the preferred local food plant for caterpillars of the butterfly, striped blue crow (Euploea mulciber).
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed, stem cutting or air-layering.
      Etymology :
      Latin Ficus, the commercial edible fig (Ficus carica); Latin globosa, round, referring to its round syconia (figs)
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It attracts bats and birds when it fruits, and is suitable for planting along roads or in coastal areas as it can tolerate hot, sunny, dry, windy, and frequent salt spray conditions.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits), Caterpillar (Moth) Food Plant (Associated with: Euploea mulciber, Asota plana)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting (Softwood)

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