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  Guioa pleuropteris (Blume) Radlk.
  Family Name : Sapindaceae

  Common Names : Kelentit Nyamuk, Kelentit Nyamuk Laut, Medang Putih, Nyamuk, Pena-Pena, Penyamuk, Pokok Serawan Burung, Sempayan Ular, Senyamuk, Sugi Damar

Kelentit Nyamuk,Kelentit Nyamuk Laut,Medang Putih,Nyamuk,Pena-Pena,Penyamuk,Pokok Serawan Burung,Sempayan Ular,Senyamuk,Sugi Damar
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m); Shrubby (1m-5m); Small (6m-15m)), Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      30 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, and the Philippines
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Coastal Forest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine), Shoreline (Backshore; Sandy Beach)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a shrub or tree up to 30 m tall. Its dark brown outer bark with white or grey spots is smooth to grooved. Its leaf rachis is slightly winged.
      Foliage: Its compound leaves have 2–3 pairs of rather sessile, opposite to alternate leaflets with rather leathery leaf blades, and about 0.9–18.7 by 0.5–8.3 cm. The lower leaflets are egg-shaped whereas the upper ones are elliptic to drop-shaped. The lower surface of the leaf blades is covered with hair and has nipple-like bumps.
      Flowers: Its flowering shoots are clothed with brown hair and are about 0.5–21.6 cm long. Its flower clusters are usually 2–5 flowered. The fragrant, white flowers are 3–4.2 mm wide. Its 5-merous sepals are green to tinged reddish or whitish, with the three inner sepals larger in size.
      Fruits: Its red fruits have 1–3 well developed lobes, and are about 1–1.9 by 1–2.5 cm. Its seeds are round to drop-shaped, up to 8 mm wide.
      Habitat :
      It grows in primary, secondary and swamp forests or along riverbanks and the sea. It occurs locally in Big Sister Island, North Sister Island, Pulau Tekong, and Pulau Unum.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. It is the preferred local food plant of caterpillars of the moth Zeuzera coffeae. Its fruits and seeds are eaten and dispersed by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Guioa, commemorating J. Guio, an 18th Century Spanish botanist. Greek pleuropteris, a rib and a wing, possibly referring to the winged rachis
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal, Timber & Products (It is a source of timber.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for planting along streetscapes, parks and gardens for its attractive fruits and foliage.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Roadside Tree / Palm, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Riverine, Shade Providing Tree / Palm
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits), Caterpillar Food Plant (Leaves; Associated with: Hypolycaena erylus), Caterpillar (Moth) Food Plant
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Even-Pinnate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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