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  Litsea garciae Vidal
  Family Name : Lauraceae

  Synonyms : Litsea kawakamii, Litsea sebifera

  Common Names : Engkala, Bagnolo, Wuru Lilin, Malai

Engkala,Bagnolo,Wuru Lilin,Malai
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      the Philippines
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:  A medium sized tree up to 26 m tall.
      Trunk: Trunk measures 40-50 cm in diameter.
      Foliage: Leaves are simple, arranged alternately. Leaf blades are ovate to lanceolate, measuring about 12-50 cm long and 15-18 cm wide. Young leaves are silvery shiny.
      Flowers: Flowers are very small, measuring about 15 mm in diameter, yellowish-white in color.
      Fruits: Fruits are oblate, 2.5-4.5 cm in diameter, with pink skin and creamy white flesh. Fruits are seated on cup-shaped cohering bracts.
      Habitat :
      Mixed forests up to 200 m altitude, along rivers and streams
      Etymology :
      Litsea is derived from Chinese 'li', means plum, and 'tse', means small.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The fruit pulp has a avocado-like flavor, consumed raw or steamed with rice.)
      [Others]: The oil extracted from seeds is used to make candles and soap. The wood is used in construction.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Riverine
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White, Yellow / Golden
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Few (1-5)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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