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  Loeseneriella macrantha (Korth.) A.C. Smith
  Family Name : Celastraceae

  Common Names : Akar Bintong, Akar Mata Pelandok, Gambir Ayer

Akar Bintong,Akar Mata Pelandok,Gambir Ayer
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, and the Moluccas
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest; Riverine), Shoreline (Mangrove Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Presumed Nationally Extinct (NE))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a woody climber.
      Foliage: Its stalked leaves have papery to thinly leathery leaf blades that are elliptic to elliptic-lance-shaped, egg-shaped-oblong to lance-shaped, and 10–21 by 5–8 cm.
      Flowers: Its green or yellowish-green flowers grow on branches and in flowering shoots that are 1-6 cm long. Its egg-shaped-oblong petals are 4.5-6.5 by 1.8-2.5 mm.
      Fruits: Its egg-shaped-oblong or elliptic-oblong fruits are 5-8 by 2-3.5 cm. Its winged seeds are drop-shaped-oblong and 3.5-6 by 0.5-1 cm.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland forests, river banks, and mangrove swamp forests, up to 400 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Loeseneriella, commemorating Theodor Loesener who revised the family Celastraceae for Engler’s Pflanzenfamilien; Latin macrantha, with long or large flowers
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It can be grown in parks on trellises.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Papery, Leathery, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence

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