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  Lumnitzera racemosa Willd.
  Family Name : Combretaceae

  Common Names : White Teruntum, Teruntum Bunga Putih

  Chinese Name : 榄李

White Teruntum,Teruntum Bunga Putih
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Small (6m-15m)), Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      8 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Eastern Africa to Southeast Asia (including Singapore), Australia, and the Pacific Islands
      Native Habitat :
      Shoreline (Mangrove Forest; Sandy Beach; Rocky Beach)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a shrub, or tree up to 8 m tall, without the knee-shaped, upright breathing roots (pneumatophores) at its base.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, almost stalkless leaves have fleshy leaf blades that are usually narrowly drop-shaped, and 2–9 by 1–2.5 cm, with wedge-shaped bases.
      Flowers: Its stalkless white flowers are fragrant, and found on flowering shoots from the leaf axils.
      Fruits: Its fruits are blackish-brown when ripe, oval or egg-shaped, slightly compressed on one side, two- or three-ridged, and 10–12 by 3–8 mm.
      Habitat :
      It grows in mangrove forest, and on rocky, muddy or sandy coasts. It occurs locally in Western Catchment Nature Reserve and Pulau Ubin amongst other sites.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. It is also the preferred local food plant for caterpillars of the common tit butterfly (Hypolycaena erylus teatus), and the moth Trabala vishnou. The adults of the common tit butterfly lay eggs singly on leaves, stems or young shoots of the plant.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Lumnitzera, commemorating St. Lumnitzer (1750–1806), a Hungarian botanist; Latin racemosa, flowers growing in racemes, referring to the plant’s racemose flowering shoot consisting of a central axis with stalked flowers along it, with the youngest at the tip and the older ones progressively lower
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: The plant is cultivated for its conical crown and beautiful white flowers. The bark can be used for tanning.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      Its tolerance of brackish or fresh water makes the tree suitable for planting on the banks of water bodies and damp ground in public parks.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Form, Fragrant
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site; Does not Drain Site), Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Fertile Loamy Soils, Heavy Clay Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Coastal, Beachfront / Shoreline, Riverine, Pond / Lake / River, Marsh / Bog
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Caterpillar Food Plant (Leaves; Associated with)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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