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  Melinis nerviglumis (Franch.) Zizka
  Family Name : Poaceae (Gramineae)

  Synonyms : Acroceras rhodesiana, Acroceras nyassanum, Acroceras stuposum, Acroceras nerviglume, Acroceras setifolium, Acroceras rhodesianum

  Common Names : Bristle-leaved Red Top

Bristle-leaved Red Top
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub, Grass & Grass-like Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Maximum Height :
      0.2 m to 0.5 m
      Maximum Plant Spread / Crown Width :
      0.3 m to 0.5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical Africa, Madagascar
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Perennial, clump-forming grass.
      Foliage: Bluish green, rolled leaves are long and pointed (5 - 30 cm long, 2 - 3 mm wide). Leaves are soft and flexible, forming a spike-like clump.
      Flowers: Tiny, reddish pink flowers eventually fade to a whitish colour. The branched inflorescence (known as a panicle) consists of many spikelets and is covered in soft, long hairs. They are borne on long stalks that rise above the foliage. Flowers are produced throughout the year.
      Fruits: Dry, indehiscent fruits are known as grains.
      [Others]:  Propagate by seed or division of clumps.
      Habitat :
      Occurs in tropical grasslands and forests at altitudes of 1000 - 2400 m. Often found on slopes with rocky soil.
      Cultivation :
      This species is easy-to-grow and fast-growing. It grows best in full sun, but can tolerate partial shade. Speciments should be planted in sandy to loamy soil that is well-draining and acidic to neutral. 
      Etymology :
      The genus "Melinis" may be derived from the Greek word for black ("melas"), referring to the black seeds characteristic of this genus. The species epithet "nerviglumis" originated from the Latin word for nerve ("nervinus"). It refers to the venation found on the upper glumes (thin, dry bracts that are part of grass and sedge inflorescences).
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Cut / Dried Flower (The flowers may be used fresh or dry in floral arrangements.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      This ornamental grass has a fine leaf texture and long-lasting rosy flowers. It is most attractive in mass plantings. Consider using it as a mixed border or edging.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Division
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Linear)
      Foliar Venation :
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
      Truncate / Square
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Pink, White
      Inflorescence Type :
      Inflorescence Size :
      Remarks (Rosy pink fades to white at maturity.)
      Flowering Habit :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Caryopsis / Grain)

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