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  Mentha arvensis L.
  Family Name : Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

  Common Names : Corn Mint, European Corn Mint, Wild Mint, Field Mint, Japanese Peppermint, Tule Mint, Brook Mint

  Chinese Name : 野薄荷, 日本薄荷

 
Corn Mint,European Corn Mint,Wild Mint,Field Mint,Japanese Peppermint,Tule Mint,Brook Mint
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      0.5 m to 1 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Europe to Siberia and Nepal
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Temperate Forest; Riverine)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Temperate
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      [Others]: Growth Form: Herbaceous perennial that grows from a rhizome (underground horizontal stem). Habitat: Occurs on moist soil in meadows and near the edge of forests or streams.Foliage: Opposite arrangement of leaves (1.5 - 5 cm long). Leaves green and ovate or elliptic, having a serrate leaf margin. Flowers: Small, light purple or white flowers (0.3 – 0.6 cm long) occur in whorls (1 – 2 cm wide). Flowers campanulate (shaped like bells, but petals slightly separating at the bottom) and located in the leaf axils (between the base of the leaf and adjacent stem). Fruits: Brown fruits are nutlets each containing a single seed. Nutlets are formed when the seed-bearing structure fragments into one-seeded pieces.Landscaping: Grown in herb gardens or containers. Can be grown indoors or outdoors.Cultivation: Tolerates a wide range of soil types from sandy to clay soils and from acidic to alkaline soils. However, it does not tolerate saline soils. Grows best in soils that are slightly acidic. The plant is not drought tolerant. Has spreading roots that may cause the plant to dominate and take over an area. Put outdoor plants in a pot placed in the soil to prevent excessive growth. For maximum production of essential oils, grow the plant under full sun. Propagation: Propagate by seeds, stem cuttings or division. Seeds do not require cold stratification (i.e., soaking them in water and placing at cold temperature before planting) to germinate.Etymology: The genus name “Mentha” comes from a Greek myth about a nymph named “Minthe” (also known as Menthe) who became Pluto’s mistress. Pluto’s jealous wife transformed Minthe into a mint plant. Caution: Consumption of large quantities of the plant’s essential oil may induce an abortion.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Herb & Spice)
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves), Medicinal
      [Others]: Food: The leaves may be eaten raw in salads or used to make tea. The essential oils are used to flavor desserts. Medicine: American Indians used the leaves to prepare medicine for kidney diseases. Other: The mint fragrance is a repellant for insects and rodents. Some granaries place the leaves near the grain to deter rodents from eating them.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Fragrant (Flowers: Time Independent; Foliage)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Waterlogged Soils (Drains Site), Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils, Alkaline (high pH) Soils, Shallow Media (8 -10cm), Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Container Planting
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      [Remarks] (Consumption of large quantities of the plant’s essential oil may induce abortions in pregnant women. Grows aggressively and may dominate an area.)
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Butterfly Food Plant
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Butterfly, Moth))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic (Wind)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Low
      Potential Problems :
      Aggresive growth can overtake a garden plot.
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting, Division
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Serrate / Toothed
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Acute, Rounded / Obtuse
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Microphyll ( 2.25cm2 - 20.25 cm2 )
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Herbaceous
      Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Purple, White
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Campaulate / Bell-shaped
      Flower Size :
      Remarks (3 - 6 mm)
      Inflorescence Type :
      Verticel
      Flowering Opening Time :
      Daytime
      Flowering Habit :
      Polycarpic
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Nut / Nutlet)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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