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  Nothaphoebe umbelliflora (Blume) Blume
  Family Name : Lauraceae

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Big (>30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      33 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Bangka Island, Borneo, and Java
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Mountain; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a tree up to 33 m tall.
      Foliage: Its alternate, subopposite, or opposite stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oval to oblong or drop-shaped, 6–17 by 2–6 cm, and with tapered and sometimes asymmetrical bases.
      Flowers: Its flowers are yellow, covered with hair, and found in clustered in much-branched shoots at the leaf axils.
      Fruits: Its oblong fruits are 3 by 1 cm when dry, shiny green to reddish or black when ripe, and have pink stalks.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland to montane forests up to 1200 m altitude. It occurs locally in Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, and along Liane Road.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. Its fruits are possibly eaten by small mammals.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek nothos, false; phoebe, genus of Lauraceae, referring to the close resemblance to the genus Phoebe; Latin umbellatus, furnished with an umbel where all the flower stalks arise from the same point, referring to the flowering shoot
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Timber & Products (The wood is used for constructing houses. )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is can be planted in parks.
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      [Remarks] (The bark contains a poisonous alkaloid, laurotetanine.)
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Obovate; Oval; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Green, Red
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Glossy / Shiny
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Drupe)

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