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  Vernonia arborea Buch.-Ham. ex Buch.-Ham.
  Family Name : Asteraceae (Compositae)

  Common Names : Tree Vernonia

  Chinese Name : 树斑鸠菊

Tree Vernonia
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Growth Form :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From South China and India to Southeast Asia, and Singapore
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a shrub or tree up to 30 m tall, with a conical or rounded crown. Larger individuals tends to develop short buttresses.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are light green to yellowish green, egg-shaped to drop-shaped, 8–25 by 3–10 cm, and often asymmetrical.
      Flowers: It produces bisexual flowers that are white or purple and 2 mm across. 5–6 flowers will gather in a shortly-stalked flower head that is 0.6 cm across. The flower heads are in turn placed on a branching flowering stalk up to 41 by 51 cm, which is found clustered at the end of a branch. The flowers are fragrant and smell like chrysanthemums.
      Fruits: It produces achenes (dry, indehiscent fruit) with a hairy pappus at one end. The achenes are 2–3 mm long. Their hairs are white, and 5–8 mm long.
      Habitat :
      It grows in disturbed or secondary vegetation in lowland and mountains, up to 1600 m altitude.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by insects.
      Etymology :
      Latin Vernonia, commemorating the English botanist, W. Vernon; Latin arborea, tree, referring to its growth form
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: The plant is harvested for timber to build houses or matches. The plant is also used as medicine by locals. 
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Fragrant
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Purple, White
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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