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  Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.
  Family Name : Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)

  Common Names : Ornamental Cabbage, Flowering Cabbage

  Chinese Name : 卷心菜

Ornamental Cabbage,Flowering Cabbage
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Herbaceous Plant
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Western Europe
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A biennial which is usually grown as annual, does not not form dense heads like cabbage. 
      Foliage: Leaves are fringed or have wavy margin. 
      Flowers: Cabbage produces flowers following prolonged exposure to cold. The yellow, 4-petalled flowers are arranged along a spike-like inflorescence known as a raceme.
      Fruits: The fruit is a dry, dehiscent pod known as a silique.
      Cultivation :
      Cabbage is a cool season crop, so it is not well-adapted to Singapore's climate and does not grow well when temperatures are consistently above 27 degrees Celsius. However, it is locally available in some nurseries that import plants from cooler climates. Cabbage is best grown under full sun in temperate countries, but needs semi-shade and protection from hot afternoon sun in Singapore. Plant in fertile, well-drained soil, apply mulch around the plant, keep the soil moist and practice crop rotation.
      Etymology :
      The genus Brassica is Pliny's name for cabbage-like plants.
      The specific epithet oleracea refers to cultivation of aromatic / esculent / vegetables.
      The var. capitata means growing in a head, or head-like. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      These cabbages are good as edibles as well as for ornamental on a flowerbed. They are suitable for container planting due to their interesting colour features.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Flowerbed / Border, Container Planting
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed / Spore Germination Duration :
      3 Days to 5 Days
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Pink, Purple, Red
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Crinkled / Twisted
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Pink, Purple, Red
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire - Wavy / Undulate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Cruciform / Cross-shaped
      Inflorescence Type :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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