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  Euphorbia tithymaloides ssp. smallii (curly leaves) (Millsp.) V.W.Steinm.
  Family Name : Euphorbiaceae

  Common Names : Devil's Backbone, Redbird Flower

Devil's Backbone,Redbird Flower
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic (Horticultural / Cultivated Only)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Succulent shrub or subshrub which forms clumps.
      Foliage: Greenish white to light green leaves have dark green coloration along the midvein which spreads to varying lengths into the leaf blade. Slightly folded leaf blade and strongly wavy leaf margin create a curly appearance.
      Stems: Greyish green, round stem is smooth, glossy and bent in a zigzag shape.
      Flowers: Red, bird-shaped 'flowers' are actually 2-lipped bracts which enclose the real flowers which are scarlet-coloured and tiny.
      Fruits: Small fruits are known as capsules.
      Cultivation :
      This cultivar requires full sun to flower and rarely blooms indoors. Prune to prevent plants from becoming leggy.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Stems
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Dry Soils / Drought, Well-Drained Soils, Shallow Media (8 -10cm)
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Green Roof, Skyrise / Balcony
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Rockery / Desert Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Toxic Upon Ingestion
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Flowers)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green, White
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery, Thick
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :

   Last updated on:

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