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  Dendrobium leonis (Lindl.) Rchb.f.
  Family Name : Orchidaceae

  Common Names : The Lion-like Dendrobium

 
The Lion-like Dendrobium
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous), Epiphyte
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Open
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Sumatra.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Presumed Nationally Extinct (NE))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A lowland epiphytic orchid with multiple tufted stems and can grow up to 25cm in length. 
      Foliage: The leaves are thick and laterally flattened, no groove seen on the upper leaf surface and are smooth and very stiff. Leaves are triangular-shaped and arranged in alternating rows.
      Flowers: Flowers are occur at the stem apex and are single-flowered, originating from a tuft of scarious bracts. Flower size ranges from 1.3 to 2.0cm. The flower tepals are pale green or yellow with the lip being a very pale green and flushed with dark purple. Flowers have sweet, vanilla-like fragrance.
      Habitat :
      Found as epiphyte or occasionally lithophyte on limestone cliffs or warm, humid lowland forests at elevation of sea level to 1100 m
      Etymology :

      The genus name ‘Dendrobium’ is derived from latin ‘dendros’ meaning tree and ‘bios’ meaning life, referring to the epiphytic nature of the members of the genus. The species ‘leonis’ means lion-like, referring to the lion’s maw. 

      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The plant is used to treat headache in Thailand.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Fragrant (Flowers)
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Little Water, Occasional Misting
      Potential Problems :
      No serious pest or disease problems.
      Propagation Method :
      Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Thick
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Thick
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Thick / Fleshy
      Flower Grouping :
      Solitary
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Labiate / Lipped
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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