Keyword Search Tips |  Advanced Search
Display Options
Results per Page
Sort By
What's New
Popular View
Plant & Animal Corner
  • Malayan Horned Frog
  • Gardenia cf. nitida
  • Eight-Spotted Crab Spider
  • Aechmea tayoensis
Please Choose a Category:
Popular Keywords
round_tl round_tr
frame Visitors Counter
frame 710881
round_bl round_br
  Encephalartos whitelockii P.J.H.Hurter
  Family Name : Zamiaceae

  Synonyms : Encephalartos successibus

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants) (Cycad)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Uganda, Africa
      Native Habitat :
      CITES Protection :
      True (Appendix I)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Foliage: Rigid, upright, up to 4m long, forms large clumps, slightly keeled, sometimes curved slightly backward and downward at the apex. Petiole straight, with 6-12 prickles, swollen at the base. Leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets reducing to spines. Leaflets lanceolate, discolorous; margin flat, heavily toothed. 
      Stems: Arborescent, often suckering from the base to form clumps, up to 3.5m long. Old leaf bases persisting on the crown. 
      Habitat :
      Found in forest along Mpanga River, Western Uganda, it grows on Cliffs or steep rocky hillside at an elevation of about 1200m.  Also occurs in dense evergreen montane forest.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Focal Plant
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Leaf
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate, Slow
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Plant Sexuality (non-Angiosperm) :
      Cone / Strobilius Description :
      Seed / Ovule: Female cone: generally 1-3, produced in succession, erect ovoid, 30-45cm long. Green, turning yellow at maturity.
      Pollen / Staminate: Male cone: usually 4-8, produced in succession, pendulous, narrowly ovoid, 30-50cm long. Green, turn yellow at maturity

   Last updated on:

  Download Image  Print Page

Public Comment     

Total page hits: 98
© 2013 National Parks Board, Singapore. Supported client browser: IE6+, Firefox 1.05+, Chrome 12+, Opera 7.52+, Netscape 7.1+