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  Encephalartos whitelockii P.J.H.Hurter
  Family Name : Zamiaceae

  Synonyms : Encephalartos successibus

 
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants) (Cycad)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Cycad
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Uganda, Africa
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      CITES Protection :
      True (Appendix I)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Foliage: Rigid, upright, up to 4m long, forms large clumps, slightly keeled, sometimes curved slightly backward and downward at the apex. Petiole straight, with 6-12 prickles, swollen at the base. Leaf-base collar not present; basal leaflets reducing to spines. Leaflets lanceolate, discolorous; margin flat, heavily toothed. 
      Stems: Arborescent, often suckering from the base to form clumps, up to 3.5m long. Old leaf bases persisting on the crown. 
      Habitat :
      Found in forest along Mpanga River, Western Uganda, it grows on Cliffs or steep rocky hillside at an elevation of about 1200m.  Also occurs in dense evergreen montane forest.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Focal Plant
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Leaf
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate, Slow
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Plant Sexuality (non-Angiosperm) :
      Dioecious
      Cone / Strobilius Description :
      Seed / Ovule: Female cone: generally 1-3, produced in succession, erect ovoid, 30-45cm long. Green, turning yellow at maturity.
      Pollen / Staminate: Male cone: usually 4-8, produced in succession, pendulous, narrowly ovoid, 30-50cm long. Green, turn yellow at maturity

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