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  Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.
  Family Name : Poaceae (Gramineae)

  Common Names : Indian Goosegrass, Silver Crabgrass, Yardgrass, Wiregrass, Crowfoot Grass

  Chinese Name : 牛筋草

Indian Goosegrass,Silver Crabgrass,Yardgrass,Wiregrass,Crowfoot Grass
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub, Grass & Grass-like Plant (Short Grass (Poaceae))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      0.3 m to 0.6 m
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Annual herb up to 0.3-0.6 m tall.
      Roots: It has an extensive root system.
      Foliage: Narrow, linear leaves (3-8 mm wide) occur in alternate leaf arrangement (one leaf per point along the stem). The leaf blade may lie flat or be folded. The base of the leaf which wraps around the stem (leaf sheath) is smooth.
      Stems: Flowering stems (known as culms) are held erect or prostrate (lying parallel to the ground). They are smooth and slightly flattened.
      Flowers: Digitate spike inflorescence is composed of 2-6 spikes (4-15 cm long) which are united at the base, forming finger-like structures. One spike is often positioned slightly lower than the others on the flowering stem. Each spike is composed of numerous spikelets, and each spikelet is composed of 3-15 florets (reduced flowers without petals or sepals).
      Fruits: Black, ellipsoid seeds (1.5 - 2 mm long) have a wrinkled surface and are enclosed by loose, membranous tissue.
      Habitat :
      Occurs along roadsides, disturbed areas and wastelands.
      Similar :
      This species resembles Chloris spp. and Dactyloctenium spp., but the spikes lack bristles (awnless).
      Cultivation :
      This species is not typically grown for ornamental or ethnobotanical uses. It is generally considered a weed. The large root system is difficult to remove manually.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Seeds)
      Medicinal (In Malaysia, the juice from the crushed leaves is drunk to promote discharge of the afterbirth. In Indonesia, the plant is used to expel worms from the intestine. In Indochina, it is used to induce sweating and to control fever. In the Philippines, it is used to prevent dysentery.)
      [Others]: In India, people consume the seeds when other foods are scarce due to drought.
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Propagation Method :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
      Inflorescence Type :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Indehiscent Dry Fruit (Caryopsis / Grain)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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