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  Trichosanthes elmeri Merr.
  Family Name : Cucurbitaceae

  Common Names : Akar Cabang Tiga, Cabang Tiga, Mentimun Dendang, Timun Dendang Lunjung

Akar Cabang Tiga,Cabang Tiga,Mentimun Dendang,Timun Dendang Lunjung
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      10 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, and the Philippines
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a unisexual climber up to 10 m long, with branched tendrils.
      Foliage: Its stalked, palmate leaves have 3 or 5 leaflets with papery to rather leathery leaf blades. The middle leaflet is drop-shaped-oblong and 8.5–18 by 3.5–8.5 cm. The leaflets have a rough texture above and glands are scattered over them.
      Flowers: Its 5–15 flowered male flowering shoots are 10–30 cm long. The fragrant flowers are nocturnal and white. Probracts (leaf-like structure) with glands are present at the base of flowers, and about 5–7 by 3–6 mm.
      Fruits: Its orange-red fruits are egg-shaped or egg-shaped-elliptic and about 12–20 by 5–10 cm. Its blackish-brown seeds are 16–20 by 11–20 mm.
      Habitat :
      It grows in edges of primary, secondary and swamp forests or on river banks, up to 900 m in altitude. 
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Latin Trichosanthes, hairy flowers, referring to the flowers of some species of the genus; Latin elmeri, commemorating Aldoph Daniel Edward Elmer (1870–1942), a 20th century collector in California, Malaysia, New Guinea and the Philippines
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: Its leaves are eaten in Celebes.)
      [Others]: It helps in preventing mosquito bites, probably by smearing the leaves on skin.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable for parks, growing on trellises and pergolas.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Trellis / Arbour / Pergola
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Papery, Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate, Compound
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Flower Symmetry :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red, Yellow / Golden
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Pepo)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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