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  Zamia neurophyllidia D.W.Stev.
  Family Name : Zamiaceae

 
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Gymnosperms (Non-Flowering Seed Plants) (Cycad)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Cycad
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Panama and Costa Rica
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
      CITES Protection :
      True (Appendix II)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a small cycad with unbranched, erect, above ground stem (up to 2 m tall).
      Foliage: Each crown has 3 – 10 mature leaves. Leaves are erect to spreading and are borne on 40 – 85 cm long petiole which is densely covered with pricks. Mature leaves are feather-shaped, comprising of 10 – 24 elliptical leaflets (12 – 20 cm long and 6 – 10 cm wide), which are grooved between the veins on the upper surface and leaflet margin finely toothed.
      Reproductive Parts (non-flowering plant): Male cones are yellowish brown, cylindrical (5 – 7 cm long and 1.5 – 2 cm wide), hairy and occurs in clusters of 3 – 5. Female cones are cream to light brown, cylindrical (10 - 15 cm long and 5 – 7 cm wide) with pointed tips. Seed is ovoid (1 – 1.5 cm wide) with red seed coat.
      Habitat :
      It grows as an under-story plant on steep hills in rainforest.
      Similar :
      Zamia neurophyllidia is smaller version of Zamia skinneri. As compare to Zamia skinneri, Z. neurophyllidia has smaller trunks, leaves, leaflets, pollen and seed cones, and seeds.
      Etymology :
      Zamia, greek for azaniae, which means ‘pine-cone-like’, referring to the reproductive structures. Specific epithet neurophyllidia, in greek, means nerved leaves, referring to the prominent veins in the leaflets
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Form
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Spines/Thorns - Leaf
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Little Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny, Spiny / Bristly / Stinging
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Even-Pinnate)
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Trunk Type (Non-Palm) :
      Woody, Single, Underground
      Root Type :
      Underground
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Red
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
      Cone / Strobilus Type :
      Simple Cone(Stangeriaceae, Zamiaceae)
  • References
    • Jones, D.L. 2002. Cycads of the World. Ancient Plants in Today's Landscape. 2nd Edition. United States of America: Smithsonian Institution Press. 456

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