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Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana (Blume) Koord., (Wall. ex G. Don) de Wilde
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  Gluta wallichii
  Family Name : Anacardiaceae

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :

      Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Singapore and Borneo

      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It is a large tree, up to 45m tall, with buttress, up to 4m tall.


      Bark is greyish brown, flaky and deeply fissured.


      Leaves are leathery, oblong to elliptic (8.5 – 34.5 cm long and 4 - 14 cm wide), and can be smooth or hairy, especially on the underside. Leaf tip is obtuse, acuminate, or sometimes slightly

      emarginate, while the base is cuneate, or sometimes obtuse. There are roughly 9 – 24 pairs of secondary veins. Both tertiary and secondary veins are prominent above and below. Leaves are stalked, with petiole about 2 – 6 cm long.


      Inflorescence is 16.5 – 33 cm long and comprises of numerous small flowers (0.4 – 0.4 cm long and 0.1 – 0.2 cm wide). Flower comprises of densely hairy white petals, 5 stamens and hairy subglobose ovary (0.15 cm diameter). Calyx is 0.3 cm long, red, and burst irregularly.


      Fruits are borne on an obscure centric fruiting stalk. Each fruit is oval or elliptic shaped (about 1.5 cm long and 1 cm wide) and have 5 enlarged wing-like petals (5 – 9 cm long) which turn from red to brown when ripe.

      Habitat :

      It is found in peat-swamp forest and sometimes on limestone or hillsides, up to 500 m altitude.

      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Irritant - Sap
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown, Red

   Last updated on:

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