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Adenia macrophylla var. singaporeana (Blume) Koord., (Wall. ex G. Don) de Wilde
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  Gluta wallichii
  Family Name : Anacardiaceae

 
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :

      Sumatra, Malay Peninsula, Singapore and Borneo

      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It is a large tree, up to 45m tall, with buttress, up to 4m tall.


      Trunk:

      Bark is greyish brown, flaky and deeply fissured.


      Foliage:

      Leaves are leathery, oblong to elliptic (8.5 – 34.5 cm long and 4 - 14 cm wide), and can be smooth or hairy, especially on the underside. Leaf tip is obtuse, acuminate, or sometimes slightly

      emarginate, while the base is cuneate, or sometimes obtuse. There are roughly 9 – 24 pairs of secondary veins. Both tertiary and secondary veins are prominent above and below. Leaves are stalked, with petiole about 2 – 6 cm long.


      Flowers:

      Inflorescence is 16.5 – 33 cm long and comprises of numerous small flowers (0.4 – 0.4 cm long and 0.1 – 0.2 cm wide). Flower comprises of densely hairy white petals, 5 stamens and hairy subglobose ovary (0.15 cm diameter). Calyx is 0.3 cm long, red, and burst irregularly.


      Fruits:

      Fruits are borne on an obscure centric fruiting stalk. Each fruit is oval or elliptic shaped (about 1.5 cm long and 1 cm wide) and have 5 enlarged wing-like petals (5 – 9 cm long) which turn from red to brown when ripe.

      Habitat :

      It is found in peat-swamp forest and sometimes on limestone or hillsides, up to 500 m altitude.

      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Irritant - Sap
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown, Red

   Last updated on:

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