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  Capsicum annuum (Purple Cultivar)
  Family Name : Solanaceae

  Common Names : Bangladesh Chilli, Purple Chilli

  Chinese Name : 紫辣椒

 
Bangladesh Chilli,Purple Chilli
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Annual
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Maximum Height :
      1 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Of horticultural origin
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a woody shrub, up to 1 m tall.
      Foliage: Leaves are arranged in pairs in opposite leaf arrangement. Leaf blade oblong-ovate to elliptic in shape, dark purple in colour, 4-13 cm long and 1.5-4 cm wide. Young foliage is lime green with dark purple edges, turning solid blackish purple as it matures.
      Flowers: Star-shaped, purple flowers are composed of five ovate, pointed petals which are widely spread apart. They are about 1 cm wide, borne on a bent stalked.
      Fruits: Smooth, glossy fruits are dark purple to black, slender and short, about 3 cm long and 0.7 cm wide. They later turn bright red when left to overripen and dry on the stem. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits)
      Food (Herb & Spice)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage, Ornamental Fruits
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Small Gardens, Container Planting
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Purple
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green - Light Green, Purple
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Purple
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Stellate / Star-shaped
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Black, Purple
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

   Last updated on:

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