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  Goniothalamus macrophyllus
  Family Name : Annonaceae

  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Maximum Height :
      5 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, and Java
      Native Habitat :
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Vulnerable (VU))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a shrub up to 5 m tall.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leathery blades that are usually oblong to lance-shaped, and 22–30 by 6–11 cm. Its leaf blade midrib is protruding below.
      Flowers: Its flowers grow singly on the older branches, are fragrant, and have petals that are whitish. Its outer petals are lance-shaped-oblong, and 3.3 cm long, while inner petals are about 1.8 cm long.
      Fruits: The fruits are red, stalkless, round-egg-shaped, thin-walled, and 1–2 by 1 cm. Each fruit contains 1 pale brown seed.
      Habitat :
      It grows in inland forest from 50–1500 m altitude. It occurs locally in Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Mandai Forest, and in the vicinity of MacRitchie Reservoir.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated.
      Etymology :
      Greek Goniothalamus, referring to the angular fruiting body; Greek macrophyllus, with large leaves, referring to the leaves of this species
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      [Others]: In Java, mountain dwellers use an infusion of the roots to treat typhoid fevers. Its smoke can also be used to repel mosquitos, snakes and other wild animals.
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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