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  Ficus recurva var. ribesoides King
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Common Names : Akar dahara

Akar dahara
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Plant Shape :
      Maximum Height :
      4 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :

      Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Borneo, and Java

      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Mountain; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It is an epiphytic root climber.


      Its alternate, stalked leaves have thinly leathery leaf blades that are oval-oblong or rather egg-shaped to lance-shaped, and usually less than 10 cm long.

      Flowers: The plant is dioecious with each plant bearing male or female flowers. The flowers are tiny and develop within the syconium (fig).
      Fruits: Its stalked or stalkless syconia (figs) are round, 5–9 mm wide, orange to red when ripe, and develop in pairs or in clusters on the bare portions of twigs behind the leaves, or in the leaf axils.
      Habitat :

      It grows on rocks and trees in lowland to lower montane forests, up to 1,600 m altitude. It occurs locally in the Western Catchment area, Jalan Inggu, and the Nee Soon area.

      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by fig wasps.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Latin Ficus, the commercial edible fig (Ficus carica); Latin recurva, curved backwards, referring to the margin of the species’ leaf blades; Arabic or Persian ribas, acid-tasting; Greek iodes, violet or rust-coloured, referring to the ripe syconia (figs) of this species
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Roots)
      Medicinal (A decoction of the roots can be used to treat back pains and stomach-ache. The roots can be used as a betel nut (Areca catechu) substitute when finely chopped.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks, growing as a climber or as a ground cover under shade.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Groundcover
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting (Herbaceous)
  • Foliar
    • Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Foliar Base :
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Orange, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Multiple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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