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  Senna tora (L.) Roxb
  Family Name : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

  Synonyms : Cassia tora

  Common Names : Sicklepod, Sickle Senna

  Chinese Name : 决明子

 
Sicklepod,Sickle Senna
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Plant Shape :
      Shrubby
      Maximum Height :
      1 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Southern China, South-East Asia and Western Polynesia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Erect shrublet, able to grow up to between 0.5 - 1.5 m tall.
      Foliage: Compound leaves alternately arranged,  measuring about 5 - 8 cm long, each leaf consisting of 2 - 4 pairs of leaflets and each leaflet is obovate to obovate-oblong in shape. 
      Flowers: Yellow flowers usually borne in pairs and grouped together in an axillary raceme.
      Fruits: Fruit is a slender pod, measuring about 10 - 20 cm long and contains 20 - 30 brown seeds.
      Etymology :
      Genus Senna is derived from the Arabic name "sana", which refers to the laxative leaves and pods.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Herb & Spice)
      Medicinal (The seeds are used to treat earache, dizziness, inflammation of the eyes, abnormal sensitivity of the eyes to light and constipation. Used internally, they are prescribed for herpes, sores and skin diseases. A decoction is applied for conjunctivitis(sore eyes). They have mild purgative properties. In Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines, the plants have been used as a purgative and to expel intestinal worms.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliar Type :
      Compound
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Root Type :
      Underground (Tap Root)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
      Flowering Period :
      Free-Flowering
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Legume / Pod)
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Numerous (>20)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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