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  Ficus sagittata Vahl
  Family Name : Moraceae

  Common Names : Akar beringin, Sepedih

  Chinese Name : 羊乳榕

 
Akar beringin,Sepedih
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From northeastern India, Andaman Islands to southern China, Myanmar, Indochina, Thailand, throughout Malesia (including Singapore), and Micronesia
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Mountain; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a root climber.
      Foliage: Its alternate, stalked leaves have leathery leaf blades that are oval to egg-shaped with a round to heart-shaped base, dark green above, lighter green below, and 4–30 by 1.5–14 cm. The leaf blades are long arrow-shaped and covered with hair below when young.
      Flowers: The plant is dioecious with each plant bearing male or female flowers. The flowers are tiny and develop within the syconium (fig).
      Fruits: Its round syconia (figs) have characteristically long necks that resemble a part of the stalk. The syconia are up to 2 cm wide, bright red or purple when ripe, and develop singly, or in pairs, and occasionally in clusters in the leaf axils.
      Habitat :
      It climbs on trees in lowland and montane forests up to 1,500 m altitude. It occurs locally in the Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Bukit Kallang, along Rifle Range Link, in the vicinity of MacRitchie Reservoir, along Napier Road, and Pulau Tekong.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by fig wasps. The ripe fruits are eaten by frugivorous birds and mammals.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem cuttings.
      Etymology :
      Latin Ficus, the commercial edible fig (Ficus carica); Latin sagittata, arrow-shaped, referring to the arrow-shaped base of its young leaves
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      None
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks and gardens.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting (Fruits)
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Ant, Beetle, Fly, Thrip, Wasp))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Vertebrates (Bat); Vertebrates (Other Mammal))
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Acute
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse, Cordate, Sagittate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Dioecious)
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Inflorescence Type :
      Syconium
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Purple, Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Multiple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Accessory / False Fruit (Pseudocarp): Multiple Syconium (receptacle))

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