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  Pellacalyx axillaris Korth.
  Family Name : Rhizophoraceae

  Common Names : Abu-abu air, Bebuloh, Bebulu, Berbula, Buloh, Kaju baro, Kaju bulu, Kaju merah kuku, Kiramu, Mata keli, Membuloh, Menderakan, Merah bulu, Merbuloh, Piangu Jantan

 
Abu-abu air,Bebuloh,Bebulu,Berbula,Buloh,Kaju baro,Kaju bulu,Kaju merah kuku,Kiramu,Mata keli,Membuloh,Menderakan,Merah bulu,Merbuloh,Piangu Jantan
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Tree (Medium (16m-30m))
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From Sumatra to Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore to Borneo (Brunei, East Malaysia, and Kalimantan) and to southwest Philippines (Mindanao)
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Endangered (EN))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form:

      It is a small- to medium-sized tree with buttresses, stiff horizontal branches, and drooping leaves, growing to about 25 m tall.


      Foliage:

      Its opposite, stalked leaves have leaf blades that are smooth, slightly toothed, drooping, oblong to drop-shaped-oblong, and 10–20 by 5–6 cm. The leaf blades are also hairy to glabrous and green above, and pubescent and rusty green below.


      Flowers:

      Its stalked flowers are small and 5–10 mm long. Its flowers have small petals that are yellowish-green or white, and occasionally with thread-like protrusions at the tip. Its flowers are also borne singly or in small clusters at the branch axils.


      Fruits:

      Its brown fruits are ovoid or nearly round, about 10 mm wide, and have numerous small seeds.

      Habitat :

      It grows in damp localities, and along streams of lowland primary and secondary forests. It occurs locally in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve.

      Associated Fauna :

      Its fruits are eaten by birds.

      Cultivation :

      It can be propagated by seed.

      Etymology :

      Greek pella, hide; Greek kalux, calyx, referring to the hair-covered calyx; Latin axillaris, arising from the axillary, referring to the flowers developing at the leaf axils

      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Timber & Products (

      Its timber is red, hard, heavy, and durable, if protected and not in contact with the ground.

      )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :

      This tree can be grown in wet places around ponds and waterways. Its drooping, oblong leaves also add form to the landscape.

      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Riverine, Pond / Lake / River
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Golden Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water, Moderate Water
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Elliptical; Oblong)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Urceolate / Urn-shaped
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)

   Last updated on:

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