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  Desmodium triflorum (L.) DC.
  Family Name : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

  Synonyms : Desmodium parvifolium, Hedysarum triflorum

  Common Names : Creeping tick trefoil, Three-flower beggarweed

  Chinese Name : 三点金

 
Creeping tick trefoil,Three-flower beggarweed
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous; Trailing)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Pantropical
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland; Disturbed Area / Open Ground)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Of Uncertain Origin
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a terrestrial, annual herb that trails along the ground, often up to 50 cm long and rooting at the nodes.
      Foliage: Its stalked, alternate, compound leaves are trifoliate, about 1 cm long. Each heartshaped leaflet is obovate in shape, leaf tip emarginate, with the centre leaflet not more than 0.6 cm long.
      Flowers: Its reddish, pinkish to purplish bisexual flowers are borne singly or up to five on axillary inflorescenes.
      Fruits: Its fruits are slightly curved pods that are hairy, 3-5 jointed, about 1.2-1.3 cm long.
      Habitat :
      It grows in turfs, fields, open grasslands and on roadsides.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are probably insect-pollinated.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem cutting.
      Etymology :
      Greek desma, bond; head-band, Greek odes, like, possibly referring to the necklace-like pods or the sheath of the stamens. Latin triflorum, three-flowered.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The plant is used in Chinese medicine to treat dysentry, rheumatism and fever. A decoction of the roots is used by the Malays to treat stomachaches, while a poultice is used for treating skin problems. The plant is also used in Indonesia and the Philippines to treat wounds and ulcers.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It is suitable as a groundcover as it grows in thick clumps.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Poor Infertile Soils, Shallow Media (8 -10cm), Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Groundcover
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Bird-Attracting, Butterfly Food Plant
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Fast
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute, Thin
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Trifoliate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate, Spiral
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Emarginate
      Foliar Base :
      Acute
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Mauve, Pink, Purple, Red
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown, Green
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Hairy / Hirsute
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Legume / Pod)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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