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  Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. f.) Lindau
  Family Name : Acanthaceae

  Synonyms : Clinacanthus burmanni

  Common Names : Sabah Snake Grass

  Chinese Name : 优顿草

 
Sabah Snake Grass
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Woody)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      1 m to 3 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      From China, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia.
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Grassland / Savannah/ Scrubland)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a scandent shrub, with upright branches drooping over, about 1-3 m tall.
      Foliage: Its simple, opposite, stalked leaves are lanceolate-ovate, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 4-12 cm long by 1-4 cm wide.
      Flowers: Its dull red to orange red flowers are about 3.2 cm long, with a green base, borne in dense terminal racemes.
      Fruits: Its fruits are in the form of a capsule, 2 cm long, shortly hairy.
      Habitat :
      It grows in thickets.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are probably pollinated by insects or birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem cutting.
      Etymology :
      Greek klinh, prostrate, bed, Latin Acanthus, after Acantha, a nymph loved by the Greek God Apollo who was changed into an Acanthus plant. Latin nutans, drooping, nodding, referring to the drooping form of the branches and leaves.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Leaves)
      Food (Herb & Spice)
      Medicinal
  • Landscaping Features
    • Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Flowerbed / Border
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Economic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Abiotic
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun, Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Opposite
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Orange, Red
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Brown
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Capsule)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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