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  Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L.
  Family Name : Hydrocharitaceae

  Synonyms : Hydrocharis asarifolia, Hydrocharis batrachyodegma

  Common Names : Common Frogbit, European Frogbit

Common Frogbit,European Frogbit
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Floating)
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Europe and Asia
      Native Habitat :
      Aquatic (Freshwater Pond / Lake / River)
      Local Conservation Status :
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: A dioecious, evergreen, free-floating plant that can grow up to 10cm in height.  
      Roots: Long and numerous. 
      Foliage: The leaves are heart-shaped with a rounded apex. Leaf is glossy and smooth to touch with an entire margin, green and veined on the upper surface while spongy on the lower surface. The spongy lower surface is what helps the plant to float on water. The leaves are said to resemble the leaves of a miniature water lily. Leaves usually grow on the water surface but will rise above the water surface when the water is congested with the plant. 
      Flowers: Unisexual and have three white petals with a yellow centre. 
      Habitat :
      Is found growing in marshes, swamps and ditches wth poor drainage. It prefers calcium-rich water.  
      Cultivation :
      The plant is best grown under full sun in still or slow-moving water. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Waterlogged Soils (Does not Drain Site), Alkaline (high pH) Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      Pond / Lake / River
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Water Garden
      Usage Hazards / Cons :
      Invasive / Potentially Invasive, [Remarks] (Large populations can form thick dense mats covering the water surface, restricting light, exchange of gases and nutrients.  )
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Fertilizing :
      Does not need fertilizing. 
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stolon / Runner, [Remarks] (The plant is propagated mainly by the daughter plants formed at the ends of the stolons. Seeds are rarely produced by the plant. )
      Propagation Ease :
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Smooth, Glossy / Shiny
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage
      Foliar Margin :
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
  • Non-Foliar & Storage
    • Stem Type & Modification :
      Runner / Stolon
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers
      Flower Colour(s) :
      White, Yellow / Golden
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Flower Grouping :
      Flower Location :

   Last updated on:

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