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  Scindapsus hederaceus Schott
  Family Name : Araceae

  Common Names : Akar Lebang Aleh, Akar Ular, Lowland Scindapsus

 
Akar Lebang Aleh,Akar Ular,Lowland Scindapsus
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
      Plant Shape :
      Irregular
      Maximum Height :
      20 m
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, southern Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Borneo, and Java
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Mountain; Secondary Rainforest; Monsoon Forest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Common)
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is a climber up to 20 m long.
      Foliage:
      Its alternate, stalked leaves have deep green elliptic to broadly lance-shaped leaf blades that are 10–21 by 3–8.5 cm.

      Flowers:
      Its flowers are found on a cylindrical, creamy white, 2.5–7 cm-long shoot (spadix) enclosed by a boat-shaped, yellowish-green, 4–8 cm-long, modified leaf (spathe).

      Fruits:
      Its fruit is a red, 1-seeded berry.
      Habitat :
      It grows in lowland and lower montane forests up to 1,500 m altitude on rocks and trees.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are insect-pollinated. The ripe fruits are probably eaten by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed or stem-cutting.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (
      A decoction of the plant is used to make liniment for treating rheumatism.
      )
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      A good native substitute for the numerous climber aroids grown ornamentally. It is suitable for planting in parks and gardens for its beautiful deep green foliage. It can also be grown as an indoor plant as it does not require much sunlight.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils, Easy to Grow
      Landscape Uses :
      General, Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens, Interiorscape/ Indoor Plant, Container Planting, Hanging Basket, Terrarium
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Naturalistic Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade, Full Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Stem Cutting
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Leathery, Thick
      Prominent Young Flush Colour(s) :
      Green - Bluish Green
      Young Flush Texture(s) :
      Leathery, Thick
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Lanceolate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Unisexual Flowers (Monoecious)
      Flower Colour(s) :
      Cream / Off-White, White
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Inflorescence Type :
      Spathe & Spadix
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Red
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
  • References
    • Tan, P.Y., R.T. Corlett and H.T.W. Tan (Editors). 2010. A Field Guide to the Native Garden @ HortPark: an Urban Oasis of the Native Flora and Fauna of Singapore. Singapore: Centre for Urban Greenery and Ecology (National Parks Board) and National University of Singapore. 124pp
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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