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  Sagittaria lancifolia L.
  Family Name : Alismataceae

  Synonyms : Sagittaria acutifolia, Sagittaria angustifolia

  Common Names : Bulltongue arrowhead, Arrow leaf

  Chinese Name : 野慈姑

Bulltongue arrowhead,Arrow leaf
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Monocotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Shrub (Herbaceous), Aquatic & Hydrophyte (Emergent; Waterside / Marginal)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Mode of Nutrition :
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      North America and Europe
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial, Aquatic (Freshwater Pond / Lake / River)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Aquatic herbs arising from rhizomes reaching to about 1.5 m tall (maximum height of 2 m) that live in marshes or along river edges.
      Roots: Rhizomes are coarse and produce tuber. 
      Foliage: Emersed leaves are lance –shaped, basal, long-petiolate (44 – 58 cm). Leaf blades ranged from linear to ovate or elliptic, about 0.7– 16 cm wide with a thick mid rib. Leaf morphology and length vary with amount of phosphorous level in the soil, hence acting as potential indicator of nutrients limitation. 
      Flowers: Emersed inflorescence is raceme and has 6 to 13 whorls with white flowers in whorls of 3. Each flower is 3.3 cm wide. There are 3 sepals which are recurved to spreading in staminate flowers; not enclosing flower or fruit head. Bracts are lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, acute to acuminate at the apex and ranged from 0.5 to 1 inch. 
      Fruits: Brown obovoid to oval achenes about 1.5 to 2.7 mm long, 1.22 mm wide; are flat, beaked, and winged. Achenes have a grooved surface which increases its surface area in contact with water, thus increasing their floatability. 
      Etymology :
      Sagittaria refers to the leaf-blade of the plant, which is shaped like the point of an arrow. 
      lancifolia come from the Latin word "lancifolius" meaning to have leaves shaped like a lance-head. 
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Edible Plant Parts (Edible Roots)
      Food (Fruit & Vegetable: The root can be eaten raw or cooked and tasted like sweet chestnut when roasted. The tuber can be dried and ground into a powder and used to make bread.)
      Medicinal (The roots are used as a digestive and treatment of wounds and sores.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Waterlogged Soils, Heavy Clay Soils, Acidic (low pH) Soils, Alkaline (high pH) Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Riverine, Pond / Lake / River
      Thematic Landscaping :
      Water Garden
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Associated Fauna :
      Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna) (Insects (Butterfly, Moth); Insects (Bee))
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Propagation Method :
      Seed, Storage Organ (Tuberous Root), Division
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      White, Yellow / Golden
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme, Panicle
      Flower Lifespan On Plant :
      1 Day
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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