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  Calopogonium mucunoides Desv.
  Family Name : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

  Synonyms : Calopogonium brachycarpum, Calopogonium orthocarpum

  Common Names : Calopo, Calapo, Wild Ground Nut

 
Calopo,Calapo,Wild Ground Nut
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana, Shrub (Creeper; Trailing)
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Tropical America
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Exotic
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: Perennial herb with a creeping, trailing, or climbing growth habit.
      Foliage: Compound, trifoliate leaves are round to ovate with entire leaf margin.
      Flowers: Blue or purple, pea-like flowers.
      Fruits: Linear pods covered in long, soft reddish brown hairs.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Agriculture / Forestry (Used as a cover crop in agricultural fields to stabilize and enrich the soil, as well as prevent weeds from growing.)
      [Others]: Used as forage for cattle in tropical Asia and Africa during the dry season when more palatable species are scarce.
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Full Sun
      Water Preference :
      Lots of Water
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
      Foliar Type :
      Compound (Trifoliate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate; Elliptical)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
      Foliar Margin :
      Entire
      Foliar Apex / Tip :
      Rounded
      Foliar Base :
      Rounded / Obtuse
      Typical Foliar Area :
      Mesophyll ( 45cm2 - 182.25 cm2 )
      Leaf Area Index (LAI) * for Green Plot Ratio :
      4.5 (Shrub & Groundcover - Dicot)
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower Colour(s) :
      Blue, Purple
      FlowerTexture(s) :
      Smooth
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Terminal
      Flower Symmetry :
      Bilateral
      Individual Flower Shape :
      Papilionaceous / Pea-shaped
      Inflorescence Type :
      Raceme
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Green - Light Green
      Mature Fruit Texture(s) :
      Velvety / Furry / Tomentose
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Dehiscent Dry Fruit (Legume / Pod)
      Mature Seed Colour(s) :
      Yellow / Golden, [Remarks] (Reddish Brown)
      Mature Seed Texture(s) :
      Smooth
      Seed Quantity per Fruit :
      Few (1-5), Moderate (6-10)
      Plant Sexuality (non-Angiosperm) :
      Monoecious
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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