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  Pterisanthes cissoides Blume
  Family Name : Vitaceae

  Synonyms : Pterisanthes dalhousiae var. major, Pterisanthes trifoliata, Vitis pterisantha

  Common Names : Akar Gamat

 
Akar Gamat
  • Record Info
  • Life Stage & Characteristics
    • Plant Division :
      Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon)
      Plant Growth Form :
      Climber, Vine & Liana
      Lifespan (in Singapore) :
      Perennial
      Mode of Nutrition :
      Autotrophic
  • Biogeography
    • Native Distribution :
      Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, and Borneo
      Native Habitat :
      Terrestrial (Primary Rainforest; Secondary Rainforest; Freshwater Swamp Forest)
      Preferred Climate Zone :
      Tropical
      Local Conservation Status :
      Native to Singapore (Critically Endangered (CR))
  • Description & Ethnobotany
    • Plant Morphology :
      Growth Form: It is an herbaceous climber.
      Foliage: Its spirally arranged, stalked leaves have 3–5 papery leaflets. The terminal leaflet is long egg-shaped to oval and 10–18 by 4.1–6.9 cm. The lateral leaflet is asymmetric oblong and 9.1–16 by 4–6.7 cm.
      Flowers: Its stalked flowering shoot is brownish-green and 15–39 cm long. It mostly bears stalkless flowers.
      Fruits: Its fruits are egg-shaped berries and contain 1–2 seeds each, ripening purplish-pink. The seed is up to 6 by 5 mm.
      Habitat :
      It grows on the fringe of lowland dipterocarp forests. It occurs locally in Nee Soon Swamp Forest.
      Associated Fauna :
      Its flowers are pollinated by insects, and its fruits and seeds may be eaten and dispersed by birds.
      Cultivation :
      It can be propagated by seed.
      Etymology :
      Greek pteron, wing; Greek anthe, flower, probably referring to the flat blade-like inflorescence; Latin cissoides, like Cissus genus, the reference to its appearance that resembles plants from the genus Cissus.
      Ethnobotanical Uses :
      Medicinal (The roots are rubbed on swellings on legs.)
  • Landscaping Features
    • Landscaping :
      It may be suitable for parks, at partially shaded areas.
      Desirable Plant Features :
      Ornamental Flowers, Ornamental Foliage
      Plant & Rootzone Preference/Tolerance :
      Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Fertile Loamy Soils
      Landscape Uses :
      Parks & Gardens, Small Gardens
  • Fauna, Pollination & Dispersal
    • Pollination Method(s) :
      Biotic (Fauna)
      Seed / Spore Dispersal :
      Biotic (Fauna)
  • Plant Care & Propagation
    • Light Preference :
      Semi-Shade
      Water Preference :
      Moderate Water
      Plant Growth Rate :
      Moderate
      Maintenance Requirements :
      Moderate
      Propagation Method :
      Seed
  • Foliar
    • Foliage Retention :
      Evergreen
      Mature Foliage Colour(s) :
      Green
      Mature Foliage Texture(s) :
      Papery
      Foliar Type :
      Simple / Unifoliate, Compound (Trifoliate)
      Foliar Arrangement Along Stem :
      Alternate
      Foliar Attachment to Stem :
      Petiolate
      Foliar Shape(s) :
      Non-Palm Foliage (Ovate)
      Foliar Venation :
      Pinnate / Net
  • Floral (Angiosperm)
    • Flower & Plant Sexuality :
      Bisexual Flowers
      Flower Grouping :
      Cluster / Inflorescence
      Flower Location :
      Axillary
      Flower Symmetry :
      Radial
  • Fruit, Seed & Spore
    • Mature Fruit Colour(s) [Angiosperms & Gymnosperms] :
      Pink, Purple
      Fruit Classification :
      Simple Fruit
      Fruit Type :
      Fleshy Fruit (Non-Accessory Fruit: Berry)
The information given on this website has been compiled from reference works on medicinal plants and/or pron only. It is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment and NParks does not purport to provide any medical advice. Reliance on this information is strictly at your own risk. You should always consult your physician before using or consuming a plant for medicinal purposes.

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